Navigation and useful materials
- Battle for Kyiv
Capturing Kyiv was Putin’s key goal — to overthrow the government in the capital and replace it with Moscow-controlled puppets. However, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, with the support of a huge number of territorial defence volunteers, stopped the rapid advance of the enemy on the capital and with is — the main goal of Putin’s “special operation.”
- Battle for Kharkiv
There is less than 30 km between Kharkiv and the Russian border. The invaders were confident =they would not run into any problems with this predominantly Russian-speaking city. Kharkiv was considered as a temporary or permanent seat of an alternative, pro-Russian government. At first, Russian convoys were even able to enter the city. But defenders of Ukraine destroyed a lot of enemy equipment and soldiers on the streets of Kharkiv. After that, the Russians resorted to a siege and barbaric shelling of Kharkiv. Not long after, the Armed Forces of Ukraine pushed the occupiers back from the city almost as far as the Russian border.
- Agony on the Kyiv and Siverskyi directions
To besiege Kyiv from the eastern direction, the Russians launched an attack on the capital from the Chernihiv and Sumy oblasts. However, they had to divert significant forces to unsuccessful sieges of Chernihiv, Sumy, Okhtyrka, Konotop and a number of other cities and towns of the Left Bank. Long enemy convoys, unsecured from the flanks and rear, became easy prey for mobile Ukrainian units, artillery and aviation. A similar situation developed in the north of Kyiv oblast. The occupiers suffered huge losses in manpower and equipment, and also failed to provide the troops with fuel and ammunition. The result was a shameful escape, justified by propaganda slogans as a “dramatic reduction in military activity.”
- Failure in the Donbas
Having attacked our country with overwhelming forces from the north, south and east, the Russians hoped for a quick collapse of the Ukrainian defence. One of the declared goals, access to the administrative borders of Donetsk and Luhansk, oblasts, seemed easily achievable to them. However, the JFO forces, which had been holding the defence for 8 years, proved to be well-prepared. In the Volnovakha and Luhansk directions, the Armed Forces retreated to avoid encirclement by enemy forces advancing from Crimea and the north of Luhansk oblast, respectively. But the JFO front in the central area near Donetsk, Horlivka and on the Svitlodar arc resisted the onslaught. The battle for Donbas continues, but definitely not in the way Moscow strategists imagined.
- Defeat near Voznesensk
Insurmountable obstacles stood in the way of the rapid advance of Russian troops from the Crimea to Odesa: the city of Mykolaiv and the Southern Buh River. Then, the invaders decided to break through further north, while also seizing the Pivdennoukrainska NPP. The elite of the Russian armed forces — paratroopers — advanced on Voznesensk. But here they were expertly met by the defenders of Ukraine. The occupiers left about thirty units of tanks, trucks, and armoured vehicles on the battlefield. According to various estimates, about a hundred Russian soldiers died in Voznesensk. The rest were forced to flee back to the Kherson oblast.
Located near Kherson, Chornobaivka is important because it has a military airfield. With its help, the occupiers expect to expand the boundaries of their domination in the south of Ukraine. A seemingly easy victory, when the Russians had seized the airfield back in February, later turned into numerous tragicomic situations for them. During the spring, the Armed Forces carried out more than twenty air attacks on Chornobaivka, and each time the occupiers lost many weapons, military equipment, and personnel – including senior management. Among them, according to Ukrainian data, were two army commanders.
- Loss of the flagship cruiser Moskva
It was the missile cruiser Moskva in the first days of the war that put forward an ultimatum to the defenders of the Snake Island, receiving in response the famous phrase: “Russian warship, go f….” Under the umbrella of the Moskva’s air defence, the group of Russian ships in the Black Sea felt confident. However, a carefully planned operation of the Armed Forces left the Russian fleet without a flagship. The value of the lost ship is estimated at USD 750 mln. Russia still withholds information about the number of deaths on board, and even refuses to recognize the death of Moskva as Ukraine’s credit.
- The rout of the crossing near Bilohorivka
During the Battle of Donbas, the Russians tried to force Siverskyi Donets to cut the Lysychansk-Bakhmut motorway from the north. However, Ukrainian artillery brought down a large cluster of Russian troops, concentrated on a small section on the bank of the river. As a result, of the 550 soldiers of the 74th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade who were thrown to force Donets, 485 were killed or wounded. Machinery losses amount to more than 80 units.
- Escape from the Snake Island
Snake Island is of strategic importance — you can stationarily place missile batteries, radars, air defence forces, and naval assault forces. It is easy to control the sea routes from the ports of Odesa towards the Bosporus from the island. That is what the Russian occupiers were counting on. The attempt to make the garrison of Ukrainian border guards surrender resulted in sending the Russian warship to a well-known address. Attempts to consolidate on the island cost the occupiers significant losses: ships, anti-aircraft missile systems, radars, a helicopter, ammunition, and about a hundred dead servicemen. In the end, the invaders could not withstand the “living conditions” on the island and shamefully fled from the Snake Island.
- Guerrilla warfare in the occupied territories
Instead of greeting Russians with flowers, Ukrainians met them with blocking of column movement, Molotov cocktails, and protests. The Ukrainian resistance movement conducts audacious operations to eliminate the occupiers and their sidekicks. The guerrillas enjoy the support of the local population and terrorize the invaders.